How do Product Managers build Empathy?

Rohit Verma
3 min readFeb 26, 2024


To help Product Managers build empathy effectively, I’ll outline a structured approach that includes actionable tactics and examples. This approach will be encapsulated in a template that can be adapted and used in various product development contexts.

Structured Approach to Building Empathy

1. Understand Your Users

  • Tactic: Conduct User Research
  • Action: Organize and conduct interviews, surveys, and observation sessions with your target users.
  • Example: Schedule interviews with 10 users from different demographics within your target market to understand their daily challenges related to your product domain.

2. Persona Development

  • Tactic: Create Detailed User Personas
  • Action: Synthesize research data into user personas that represent your typical users, including their goals, needs, pain points, and behavior patterns.
  • Example: Develop a persona for “Sarah,” a tech-savvy professional in her 30s who values efficiency and reliability in productivity tools.

3. Empathy Mapping

  • Tactic: Utilize Empathy Maps
  • Action: For each persona, create an empathy map that outlines what they think, feel, see, and do in relation to your product or service.
  • Example: For “Sarah,” map out her thoughts and feelings about managing her work-life balance, and how a productivity tool fits into her daily routine.

4. Immersive Experience

  • Tactic: Experience Your User’s Environment
  • Action: Immerse yourself in your users’ environments to better understand the context in which they interact with your product.
  • Example: Spend a day working in a co-working space to observe how freelancers use productivity tools in their workflows.

5. Prototype Testing

  • Tactic: Engage Users with Prototypes
  • Action: Use prototypes to gather feedback on specific features or the overall user experience from your target audience.
  • Example: Create a clickable prototype of a new feature and observe how users like “Sarah” interact with it, noting any confusion or delight.

6. Feedback Loops

  • Tactic: Establish Continuous Feedback Mechanisms
  • Action: Set up channels for ongoing user feedback, such as user forums, feedback widgets, or regular check-in calls with key users.
  • Example: Implement a monthly feedback session with a group of power users to discuss recent updates and gather suggestions.

7. Reflect and Iterate

  • Tactic: Reflect on Insights and Iterate
  • Action: Regularly review user feedback and empathy insights to iterate on your product design and development.
  • Example: After each release, hold a team retrospective to discuss user feedback and how well the product is meeting user needs, then plan iterations accordingly.

Thanks for reading! If you’ve got ideas to contribute to this conversation please comment. If you like what you read and want to see more, clap me some love! Follow me here, or connect with me on LinkedIn or Twitter.

Do check out my latest Product Management resources 👇



Rohit Verma

Senior Product Manager @AngelOne, ex-@Flipkart, @Cleartrip @IIM Bangalore.